For example, Empoleon is named after Napoleon Bonaparte, and Kangaskhan is named after Genghis Khan. Feel free to include non-English names as well.
Using F3 to search "Pokemon" on this Wikipedia article comes up with the following:
Kangaskhan was named after Genghis Khan.
Empoleon was named after Napoleon Bonparte.
Hitmonlee was named after Bruce Lee.
Hitmonchan was named after Jackie Chan.
Archeops was named after Cheops, an Egyptian Pharaoh.